Capital allotted by a company to cowl risks arising from the nature of its enterprise and the markets in which it operates, based mostly on an evaluation of these risks and the likelihood of antagonistic developments. For instance, banks could also be required to set aside capital to cowl their publicity to the risk of shoppers defaulting on the reimbursement of loans. Ordinary shares or common shares which are low-priced and sometimes considered extremely speculative due to the perceived dangers of investing within the corporations concerned. In the UK shares of less than £1, and in the US shares of lower than $1 (or typically $5), can qualify for this description. When a company’s shares are sold to investors and quoted on the stock market for the primary time.